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Goals for the End of First Grade

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Phonics | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

Children go from knowing all their letters to beginning to decode simple one-syllable words, like “cat” and “top”.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Fluency | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

They still read “word-by-word,” as they are just getting the hang of coordinating their reading skills.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Phonics | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

They begin to read more challenging words that start with bl, tr, sl or words with a silent “e” at the end (time, gone).

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Vocabulary | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

When they don’t know a word, they search the page for clues in the picture, look at the word parts or try to self-correct by re-reading it.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Comprehension | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

They begin to read on their own for longer periods of time and understand what they read.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Comprehension | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

They can distinguish between made up stories and facts.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Sight Words | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

Children recognize sight words that don’t follow regular spelling rules, such as said, of, and some.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Sight Words | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

Children know as many as 100 high-frequency “sight words”.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Comprehension | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

Children can tell you about the story they just heard and connect it to their own lives.

(“Jack and Annie live in a Magic Tree House! I pretend like my pillow fort is a magical place.)

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

Children know that when reading, the print goes from left to right. When they write, they understand that they have to write from left to right and continue to the next line to keep writing.

Learn to Read | Become a Stronger Reader | Comprehension | Reading Resources | Pre-K to 3rd Grade

Children enjoy talking about the books they read or listen to, as well as tell details from the book. They’ll tell you the characters, setting and important events. It will still be a challenge for them to summarize the whole story.

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

As beginning writers, they use “invented spelling,” which is their understanding of how a word sounds. The word “journal” might be spelled “drenurl”. This is a great step and you don’t need to correct their spelling in 1st grade; simply remind them to write every sound they hear. You don’t need to demand absolute correctness.The most important thing is that they are excited to write!

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

Children begin to enjoy writing. Get your child crayons, pencils and paper. There’s no way they can immerse themselves in writing without having the tools to do so.

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

Play writing games, such as having them write a letter to a family member or write down their favorite recipe. Show them how you write a list for the store and have them create a list of their own ideas. Demonstrate how to write in a journal about their day.

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

Children should stop reversing their letters by the end of 1st grade.

Children's Reading Resource | Pre-K - 3rd Grade Vocabulary | Home Reading Helper

Make writing a reward. Get your child a notebook and make time to write and draw in it together. They’ll observe how you write and it will feel like a cool thing to do with their parent.

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